The Future of Leisure, Tourism, and Sport
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You will live the rest of your life in the future, so it makes sense to think about it. In this book, we consider the near future and ways that all forms of leisure, particularly sport and tourism, will be affected by accelerating change.
This may seem to be a fool’s errand, but ignoring the possibilities of the future is even more foolish. Leisure is of central importance in the future; what will people do when they experience the absence of the necessity of being occupied?
What will be worth doing when constraints are minimal? Two forms of leisure will receive special attention. Tourism can be a way of exploring the world and sport a way of exploring within playful rules.
Both tourism and sport have emerged as expected parts of life, as huge components of the economy, and as the basis for careers. Some of the readers of this book are planning careers in parks, recreation, tourism, sport, fitness, and other forms of leisure.
We discuss important trends and future projections in diverse areas such as population growth, immigration, crowding, climate change, and technology. Each of these factors is important in its own right. However, these forces will interact with one another in ways that are difficult to foresee.
So the best that you and your colleagues in the field of recreation, park, sport, tourism and other leisure services can do is to keep scanning the horizon and to develop a variety of broad scenarios that the interplay of the above forces may create.
Strategies and flexible plans for each scenario will have to be constructed, each based upon admittedly inadequate information and major assumptions.
Section One: The Future of Leisure, Tourism, and Sport
Will Leisure, Tourism, and Sport “Westernize”?
More Globalized, Customized, Contingent, and Central
Changing Concepts of Leisure
Thinking Flexibly About the Future
Section Two: Demographic Issues
A Rapidly Expanding and Consuming Human Population
Carrying Capacity and the Management of Crowding
Poorest Nations Producing the Population Increase
Global Urbanization: Increasing Population Density
About 4 Out of 10 Humans Are Chinese or Asian Indian
Europe Is Being Repopulated
Worldwide Decline of “White” People
Asia and Mexican Immigration Redefining North America
Section Three: Environmental Issues
Human-Caused Climate Change
The Water Crisis
Rapidly Changing Relations With Other Animals
Exceeding World Carrying Capacity
Massive New Sources of Pollution Planned
Limitations of Carrying Capacity Have Not Yet Been Recognized
Obsolete Automobiles and Airplanes
Australia in the Crosshairs of Climate Change
A Revolution in Food: The Decline of Factory Farming
Section Four: Social Issues
Beginning the Post-Growth Era
The Intensified Race for Education
The Worldwide Increase in Refugees
The Animal Rights Movement Is Growing
Necessity of Emotional Intelligence
Shorter Attention Spans
The End of Power?
Government Policy and Leisure
Section Five: Technology and the Transformation of Organizational Life, Work, and Leisure
Changes in Work
End of Infrastructure
Takeover of Computers
When Computers Disappear
Decline of Centralized Infrastructure
Leisure-Centered Living in the Emerging World