Management Functions in Recreational Therapy [ebook]

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Format: This is the EBOOK format of this title Ebook
Author(s): David R. Austin
Bryan P. McCormick
Marieke Van Puymbroeck

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"I loved your book! I liked the easy-to-read, organized format; it made sense and was easy to follow, to skim for a few pieces of info, or to read in-depth. I loved the content; I thought all the chapters and topics were cutting-edge for recreation therapy personnel today, and the research was contemporary and evidence-based."

Chief, Recreation Therapy Service
Philadelphia VA Medical Center

This statement is the personal view of Kathy Brill - it is not an endorsement of the book by the Veteran's Administration.

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This book provides students and practitioners with perspectives on the management of recreational therapy heretofore unavailable to them. Many of the management concepts apply to middle-level managers, but the focus of the book is on first-line recreational therapy managers and the areas of management identified by the National Council on Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC).

In-depth coverage is given to the five basic functions of management: planning, organization, staffing, influencing, and controlling. In addition, chapters are provided on key concepts integral to the management of recreational therapy programs. Included are chapters on internship supervision, clinical supervision, volunteer management, and managing marketing.

The final chapter, Issues and Concerns for Managers, is unique in that it contains areas of substantial importance to managers that have received little attention in the recreational therapy literature.

The format for the book is readable and easy to follow. Each chapter lists objectives for the chapter, gives definitions of key terms used within the chapter, and ends with a conclusion or summary of the chapter. 


Table of Contents: 

About the Authors

Chapter 1: Introduction to Management
Key Terms
Why Study Management?
Defining Management
Leadership and Management
Power in Management and Leadership
Leadership Styles
Which Leadership Style to Apply
Supervisor or First-Line Manager

Chapter 2:
Recreational Therapy and Management
Key Terms
Levels of Management
Human Relations Skills, Conceptual Skills, Technical Skills, and Levels of Management
First-Line Management Position
Clinical Supervision
Recreational Therapists in Nonsupervisory Positions
Many Therapists’ Skills Transfer to Management
Do You Want to Be a First-Line Manager?

Chapter 3: Understanding the Healthcare Environment
Key Terms
Key Themes in Healthcare Policy
Organization of U.S. Healthcare
Financing Healthcare
Payment Systems
New Developments in U.S. Healthcare

Chapter 4: Basic Management Functions
Key Terms
Potential Pitfalls

Chapter 5: Planning
Key Terms
Decision Making in Planning
Developing Goals and Objectives
Relationships of Vision, Mission, Philosophy, Goals, and Objectives
Program Development
Operational and Strategic Planning
A Tool for Planning: Standards of Practice
Fiscal Planning and Budgeting

Chapter 6: Organizing
Key Terms
Two Levels of Organizing
Key Factors Influencing Organizing
Effective Organizational Development
First-Line Managers and Organizing
Organizational Structures
Span of Control
Unity of Command
Time Management as a Leadership Skill
Informal Organizational Structures

Chapter 7: Staffing
Key Terms
Position Descriptions
Orientation and Training

Chapter 8: Influencing
Key Terms
Giving Directives: Communicating Performance Expectations
Role Modeling
Implementing Change
Creating a Motivating Climate
Maintaining Morale
Relating to Peers
Employing Leadership Styles
Giving Feedback
Managing Conflict
Influencing in a Nutshell
Tips from Happywork
Conclusion and Summary

Chapter 9: Controlling
Key Terms
Planning and Controlling Functions
Definitions of Controlling
Considerations in Controlling
Controlling Activities of the First-Line Recreational Therapy Manager
Performance Appraisal
Controlling and Managing Risk
Controlling Service Quality
The RT Manager and Overseeing Rules and Regulations
Budget Planning and Monitoring

Chapter 10: Internship Supervision
Key Terms
Defining the Term Internship in Recreational Therapy
Other Terms Related to the Internship
Benefits of Conducting Internship Programs
The Internship From the Student’s Perspective: Students Selecting an Internship Site
Establishing the Internship
Site Supervisor’s Responsibilities
The Good Site Supervisor
The Site Supervisor’s Role in Giving Clinical Supervision
Tasks to Be Completed Prior to the Arrival of Student Interns
Initial Responsibilities of the Site Supervisor With Each Intern
The Intern’s Schedule Following the 2-Week Orientation
Gatekeeping Role of Agency Site Supervisor

Chapter 11: Clinical Supervision
Key Terms
Clinical Supervision
Clinical Supervision and Administrative Supervision
Central Principles of Clinical Supervision
Responsibilities of Clinical Supervisors
Evaluation of Clinical Supervisors
Making a Case for Clinical Supervision With Administrators
Establishing a Clinical Supervision Program
Modalities for Clinical Supervision

Chapter 12: Volunteer Management
Key Terms
Training Staff
Being Familiar With Agency Requirements
Why People Volunteer
Recruiting and Selecting Volunteers
Volunteer Training
Volunteer Supervision
Volunteer Evaluation and Recognition
Retaining Volunteers

Chapter 13: Managing Marketing
Key Terms
Types of Marketing
Four Ps of External Marketing
Marketing to Attract and Retain Volunteers
About Promoting the Profession of Recreational Therapy

Chapter 14: Issues and Concerns for Managers
Key Terms
Workplace Politics
Transitioning to Manager
Professional Etiquette
Working With Your Supervisor
Supporting Research


About the Author(s)

David R. Austin

Dr. Austin’s research has focused upon the social psychology of recreational therapy and professional preparation. Topics of over 140 publications have included attitudes toward serving persons with disabilities, burnout, and recreational therapy curricula.

He is the author or coauthor of five widely used textbooks:

Dr. Austin produced 23 instructional videos through the federally funded Recreation Therapy Video (RTV) Project, and he is author of the Health Protection/Health Promotion Model of Practice. Dr. Austin has served on editorial boards for the Journal of Leisure Research, Schole, Annual in Therapeutic Recreation, and Leisure Today.

He is a past president of ATRA, the Society of Park and Recreation Educators, and the Academy of Leisure Sciences, as well as a past member of the NRPA Board of Trustees. Dr. Austin is a fellow in the Academy of Leisure Sciences and a founding fellow of the National Academy of Recreational Therapists.

He is the only individual to have received the NTRS Distinguished Service Award, the ATRA Distinguished Fellow Award, and the SPRE Distinguished Fellow Award. He has been awarded Indiana University‘s highest teaching award, the Frederic Bachman Lieber Memorial Award for Distinguished Teaching.

He has been named to the Union College Hall of Fame and was presented the Brightbill Award by the University of Illinois. In 1998, Dr. Austin received the NRPA Literary Award.

Dr. Austin participates in Ask the Author, a Sagamore initiative that enables professors who adopt titles to communicate with the author and really understand what the book is about and how any ancillaries are intended to be used.

Bryan P. McCormick

Dr. Bryan P. McCormick has worked in the field of recreational therapy for more than 25 years as a practitioner, educator and researcher.

He has been on faculty at Indiana University since 1995. He also served on faculty at East Carolina University. He has served on boards of directors of the Recreation Therapists of Indiana (RTI) and the American Therapeutic Recreation Association (ATRA). He is also an ATRA past president.

As an author of more than 60 peer-reviewed publications and 11 book chapters, Dr. McCormick’s work focuses on the social and community functioning of adults with severe mental illness. He has conducted research and trainings in psychiatric rehabilitation in the US as well as Eastern Europe.

He was a recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship to conduct research and lectures in psychiatric services at the University of Kragujevac, Serbia. Dr. McCormick is a fellow in the Academy of Leisure Sciences and a Fellow in the National Academy of Recreational Therapists.

His work has appeared in journals such as: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, American Journal of Recreation Therapy, Annual in Therapeutic Recreation, Disability and Rehabilitation, International Journal of Social Psychiatry, Journal of Leisure Research, Journal of Rehabilitation, Journal of Travel Research, Leisure Sciences, Schizophrenia Research, Therapeutic Recreation Journal and World Leisure Journal.

Marieke Van Puymbroeck

Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Ph.D., CTRS, FDRT is the recreational therapy coordinator and an associate professor at Clemson University. She has just celebrated her 20th year as a CTRS, and over the years she has worked in psychiatric, rehabilitation, and skilled nursing settings.

More recently she has worked in higher education, starting her career at the University of Illinois, and more recently at Indiana University. She considers it a tremendous honor to be training students to enter what she considers one of the best professions there is!

Dr. Van Puymbroeck is known as a champion for recreational therapy, and she serves on a number of national and international boards as the recreational therapy representative.

She has published over 60 research articles, many in leading rehabilitation journals, 7 book chapters, and 128 presentations at regional, national, and international conferences.

Further, Dr. Van Puymbroeck has been an investigator on almost $2,500,000 in research funding, focusing primarily on the use of yoga as a therapeutic intervention, and influences on participation for individuals with chronic stroke.

Her most notable awards include: Fellow, National Academy of Recreational Therapy; Scholarly Achievement Award from the American Therapeutic Recreation Association; Clinical Research Loan Repayment from the National Institutes of Health; Outstanding Young Alumni from the College of Public Health and Health Professions at the University of Florida; Outstanding Teacher; and Best Poster at the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Dr. Van Puymbroeck currently serves as President for the National Academy of Recreational Therapists.