Recreation Therapy With Individuals Living in the Community, 3rd Ed. [etext]

An Inclusive Approach
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Author(s): Marcia Jean Carter
Christen G. Smith

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The third edition of Recreation Therapy With Individuals Living in the Community: An Inclusive Approach reflects the changing nature of health care, health and human services, and our professional focus.

A number of trends, legislative directives, technological advancements, and evolving professional practices are creating paradigm shifts that result in individuals with diverse needs and aspirations receiving recreation therapy in their communities.

Due in part to the need to manage health-care costs, legislation that promotes access and improved quality, professional practices that emphasize person-centered care and building upon individuals’ strengths while remaining accountable, and a national and international perspective that promotes health-related quality of life, professionals are designing recreation therapy and recreation services within health and human agencies to fully embrace individuals with illnesses and disabilities.

Our intent is to provide an overview of the process, referred to as APIED (assessment, plan, implement, evaluate, document), used to design, deliver, and evaluate services that fully incorporate all participants.

This third edition of Recreation Therapy With Individuals Living in the Community: An Inclusive Approach is designed for recreation therapy, recreation, and health and human service professionals who provide services to all community residents.

The text is useful to students enrolled in introductory and programming coursework in recreation therapy, recreation, and courses that address inclusion.

Table of Contents: 

Module 1 Introduction: Paradigm Shifts and Practice Influences
Part 1 Managing Aspects of Recreation Therapy

Module 2 The Community
Section 1 Determining External Strengths: Community Assessment
Section 2 Accessibility: Essential Eligibility Criteria and Reasonable Accommodation
Section 3 Financial Resources
Section 4 Transportation

Module 3 The Agency
Section 1 Determining Internal Strengths: Agency Assessment
Section 2 Mission, Policy, and Procedures
Section 3 Organizational Structure  
Section 4 Marketing and Advocacy  
Section 5 Staffing and Staff Training
Section 6 Risk and Safety Management  

Part 2 Programmatic Aspects of Recreation Therapy
Module 4 Assessment with Individuals and Programs  

Module 5 Planning Individualized Programs

Module 6 Implementing Individualized Programs  

Module 7 Monitoring and Evaluating for Quality  

Module 8 Documenting the APIED Process  

Module 9 Best Practices  

Module 10 Participants  
Section 1 Anatomy, Physiology, and Kinesiology and Related Impairments  
Section 2 Cognition and Related Impairments  
Section 3 Diverse Population Groups  
Section 4 Psychology and Related Impairments  
Section 5 Senses and Related Impairments

About the Author(s)

Marcia Jean Carter

Dr. Marcia Jean Carter, CPRP, CTRS, served as Assistant Dean in the College of Education and Human Services and Professor in the Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Administration, Western Illinois University-Quad Cities, Moline, IL.

Dr. Carter is currently an Adjunct faculty with the University of St. Francis, Joilet, Il. She earned her doctorate from Indiana University.

She has held positions in non-profit and public agencies in outdoor settings and community therapeutic recreation with individuals of all ages and abilities.

Dr. Carter initiated the efforts to create NCTRC and was its first Chair. Dr. Carter has co-authored several textbooks including Therapeutic Recreation a Practical Approach, Effective Management in Therapeutic Recreation Service, and Therapeutic Recreation in the Community: An Inclusive Approach.

She serves as the Editor for the Therapeutic Recreation Journal.

She has been recognized with receipt of the J.B. Nash Scholar Award, American Association for Leisure and Recreation; Distinguished Fellow Award, American Therapeutic Recreation Association; Distinguished Service Award, National Therapeutic Recreation Society; and the Distinguished Service Award, Christian Society for Kinesiology and Leisure Studies.

Dr. Carter is a Fellow of the American Leisure Academy, National Academy of Recreational Therapists, and the Academy of Leisure Sciences.

Christen G. Smith

Christen Smith, Ph.D., CPRP has more than thirty years of broad-based experience in the parks and recreation profession.

Most recently, as a member of the Department of Physical Education and Recreation faculty at Gallaudet University, she taught courses in recreation programming and administration.

She has managed municipal park and recreation services in Florida, Michigan, Texas, Utah and Virginia.

As a member of the Recreation Administration Department faculty at Aurora University, she taught undergraduate and gradate level courses in recreation administration.

Smith also developed and managed the Leisure Services Institute, an entrepreneurial center at Aurora University providing leadership training for park recreation professionals in the greater-Chicago area.

Her background also includes nine years as Vice-President with the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

Smith holds a Doctorate of Philosophy in Recreation Administration and Business Administration from Texas Woman’s University.

She completed a Master of Arts Degree in Recreation Administration and a second Master of Arts Degree in Gerontology, both from the University of Northern Colorado.

She completed her Bachelor’s of Science degree in Physical Education at North Dakota State University.    She is a Certified Parks and Recreation Professional (CPRP).