Recreational Therapy, 4th ed

An Introduction
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Dimensions:7 x 10
Format: This is the PRINT format of this title Paperback
Editor(s): David R. Austin
Michael E. Crawford
Bryan P. McCormick
Marieke Van Puymbroeck

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The editors’ goal in preparing the fourth edition of this introductory textbook was to provide a book that would clearly define the essence of recreational therapy as a health care profession.

Thus, the book is focused on the purposeful use of recreation and leisure as interventions to enhance the health and well-being of clients whom recreational therapists serve.

To emphasize this goal, the title used for this edition has been changed from Therapeutic Recreation: An Introduction to Recreational Therapy: An Introduction.

To accomplish their goal, the editors called upon leading authors to join them in writing chapters for this edition.

Readers will notice that the list of authors includes some of the best-known experts in the profession and some of the rising stars of recreational therapy.

Each author brings his or her expertise to providing the most current information in his or her area of specialization. The contributions of each author make this fourth edition a truly unique work.

Readers also will notice that two new editors have agreed to collaborate with the editors of the three prior editions of the book and to author chapters in their areas of expertise. Thus, this new edition benefits from having the best efforts of a team of editors and authors.

Those reading this edition of Recreational Therapy: An Introduction will find a continuation of the user-friendly approach employed in prior editions.

Chapters begin with a list of learning objectives and end with a series of reading comprehension questions and a complete list of references.

This edition also follows the tradition of prior editions in using the same format in every chapter devoted to a specific client population.

This format includes a feature that has been appreciated in prior editions: a case study to illustrate the concepts in each chapter.

A unique aspect of this edition is the inclusion of a chapter on the provision of recreational therapy for members of the military services as one of the specific client populations.

Finally, the editors express thanks to the scores of individuals who appreciated the format and content of prior editions of the book and who encouraged them to prepare this fourth edition.

Hopefully, this new edition will live up to their expectations and will further the practice of recreational therapy.

Related Journal:

Table of Contents: 


Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview
David R. Austin
Chapter 2: The History of Therapeutic Recreation: A History of Two Professions
David R. Austin and Michael E. Crawford
Chapter 3: The Recreational Therapy Process
David R. Austin


Chapter 4: Behavioral Health and Psychiatric Disorders
Bryan P. McCormick
Chapter 5: Substance Use Disorders
Robin Kunstler
Chapter 6: Autism
Cara N. Gray
Chapter 7: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Michael E. Crawford
Chapter 8: Seizure Disorders
Michael E. Crawford and Mark K. James
Chapter 9: Geriatric Practice
Nancy E. Richeson
Chapter 10: Pediatric Practice
Jennifer Piatt and Shay Dawson
Chapter 11: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Practice
Brandi M. Crowe and Marieke Van Puymbroeck
Chapter 12: Military Service Members
Jasmine Townsend, Brent Hawkins, and Jessie Bennett


Chapter 13: Management, Consultation, and Research
Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Sandra K. Negley, and Judith E. Voelkl
Chapter 14: Issues and Trends
Bryan P. McCormick, Michael E. Crawford, and David R. Austin


About the Editor(s)

David R. Austin

Dr. Austin’s research has focused upon the social psychology of recreational therapy and professional preparation. Topics of over 140 publications have included attitudes toward serving persons with disabilities, burnout, and recreational therapy curricula.

He is the author or coauthor of five widely used textbooks:

Dr. Austin produced 23 instructional videos through the federally funded Recreation Therapy Video (RTV) Project, and he is author of the Health Protection/Health Promotion Model of Practice. Dr. Austin has served on editorial boards for the Journal of Leisure Research, Schole, Annual in Therapeutic Recreation, and Leisure Today.

He is a past president of ATRA, the Society of Park and Recreation Educators, and the Academy of Leisure Sciences, as well as a past member of the NRPA Board of Trustees. Dr. Austin is a fellow in the Academy of Leisure Sciences and a founding fellow of the National Academy of Recreational Therapists.

He is the only individual to have received the NTRS Distinguished Service Award, the ATRA Distinguished Fellow Award, and the SPRE Distinguished Fellow Award. He has been awarded Indiana University‘s highest teaching award, the Frederic Bachman Lieber Memorial Award for Distinguished Teaching.

He has been named to the Union College Hall of Fame and was presented the Brightbill Award by the University of Illinois. In 1998, Dr. Austin received the NRPA Literary Award.

Dr. Austin participates in Ask the Author, a Sagamore initiative that enables professors who adopt titles to communicate with the author and really understand what the book is about and how any ancillaries are intended to be used.

Michael E. Crawford

Dr. Michael E. Crawford has 40 years of experience in the field of recreational therapy including time as a practitioner, university educator, distance educator, researcher and director of clinical services.

He has generated 2.6 million dollars in lifetime grants which include long term innovative applied research and services projects in autism and adult day programs for persons with intellectual disabilities.

Dr. Crawford has published 44 peer review journal articles and authored or co-authored three text books and 14 invited chapters.

He was the co-founder and inaugural editor of the Annual in Therapeutic Recreation and has served as managing editor of the Journal of Expanding Horizons in Therapeutic Recreation, and as an associate editor for the Therapeutic Recreation Journal, Leisure Today and Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

Dr. Crawford is the recipient of the University of Missouri Outstanding Researcher Award in Behavioral and Social Sciences as well as the Mable Lee Outstanding Researcher award given by the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Dance and Recreation.

He also received the Tommy Wilson Award from the American Association for Leisure and Recreation for outstanding program demonstration in the area of recreation for persons with disabilities.

He has made over 60 international, national, and regional presentations at professional and scientific conferences and has served as a consultant and researcher for 10 long term research projects.

Dr. Crawford currently is Director of Recreational Therapy at the Munroe-Meyer Institute for Genetics and Rehabilitation at the University of Nebraska Medical Center and is Associate Professor in the Department of Pediatrics.

His clinical service provides year-round lifespan programs, both inclusive and rehabilitative in nature, for over 650 persons with developmental and intellectual disabilities.

His department has trained over 35 recreational therapy interns in the last twelve years helping to ensure a next generation of clinicians well versed in current best practice standards.

Bryan P. McCormick

Dr. Bryan P. McCormick has worked in the field of recreational therapy for more than 25 years as a practitioner, educator and researcher.

He has been on faculty at Indiana University since 1995. He also served on faculty at East Carolina University. He has served on boards of directors of the Recreation Therapists of Indiana (RTI) and the American Therapeutic Recreation Association (ATRA). He is also an ATRA past president.

As an author of more than 60 peer-reviewed publications and 11 book chapters, Dr. McCormick’s work focuses on the social and community functioning of adults with severe mental illness. He has conducted research and trainings in psychiatric rehabilitation in the US as well as Eastern Europe.

He was a recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship to conduct research and lectures in psychiatric services at the University of Kragujevac, Serbia. Dr. McCormick is a fellow in the Academy of Leisure Sciences and a Fellow in the National Academy of Recreational Therapists.

His work has appeared in journals such as: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, American Journal of Recreation Therapy, Annual in Therapeutic Recreation, Disability and Rehabilitation, International Journal of Social Psychiatry, Journal of Leisure Research, Journal of Rehabilitation, Journal of Travel Research, Leisure Sciences, Schizophrenia Research, Therapeutic Recreation Journal and World Leisure Journal.

Marieke Van Puymbroeck

Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Ph.D., CTRS, FDRT is the recreational therapy coordinator and an associate professor at Clemson University. She has just celebrated her 20th year as a CTRS, and over the years she has worked in psychiatric, rehabilitation, and skilled nursing settings.

More recently she has worked in higher education, starting her career at the University of Illinois, and more recently at Indiana University. She considers it a tremendous honor to be training students to enter what she considers one of the best professions there is!

Dr. Van Puymbroeck is known as a champion for recreational therapy, and she serves on a number of national and international boards as the recreational therapy representative.

She has published over 60 research articles, many in leading rehabilitation journals, 7 book chapters, and 128 presentations at regional, national, and international conferences.

Further, Dr. Van Puymbroeck has been an investigator on almost $2,500,000 in research funding, focusing primarily on the use of yoga as a therapeutic intervention, and influences on participation for individuals with chronic stroke.

Her most notable awards include: Fellow, National Academy of Recreational Therapy; Scholarly Achievement Award from the American Therapeutic Recreation Association; Clinical Research Loan Repayment from the National Institutes of Health; Outstanding Young Alumni from the College of Public Health and Health Professions at the University of Florida; Outstanding Teacher; and Best Poster at the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Dr. Van Puymbroeck currently serves as President for the National Academy of Recreational Therapists.